26. 3. 2007 - How Are Czech Airlines’ Crews Trained?
How Are Czech Airlines’ Crews Trained?
Prague, 26 March 2007
The Czech Airlines’ Air Crew Training provides 62 types of aviation training, including conversion type-rating pilot training, initial cabin crew training, as well as recurrent training. All this training is conducted strictly in line with JAR European Aviation Regulations and is paid for by the airline. Last year, the Air Crew Training Centre conducted 2,139 training courses, for a total of 16,000 employees of CSA and other domestic and foreign airlines.
Type-rating Pilot Training
This type of training is required by the regulations and consists of conversion training for a specific type of aircraft. In this course, pilots must take 21 hours of theory and 76 flight hours on a simulator. Aside from test-flying on a full-flight simulator, pilots are also trained on simpler devices, where they practice the use of individual cockpit controls.
During type-rating training, pilots also perform four to six landings with an empty aircraft, without passengers. After being examined by an inspector from the Czech Civil Aviation Authority, the pilot starts flying on regular routes under the supervision of instructors.
In the CSA Training Centre, flight simulators are used for type-rating and recurrent training by other airlines. The CSA Training Centre facility is also used by a number of flying schools for their students, who undergo some of their compulsory flights in training instrument flying, i.e., for obtaining an IFR qualification, etc. Flights on simulators are also used for training the coordination of work among the crew.
Mandatory Recurrent Pilot Training
According to the regulations, twice a year each pilot must undergo eight flight hours on a simulator, training for emergency situations. Every year, pilots use the simulator to practice what to do in situations such as an engine failure, engine fire, a drop in pressure, aircraft systems failure, adverse weather conditions, etc. For recurrent training, the CSA Training Centre offers the use of the Boeing 737 full-flight simulator, the non-movable ATR42/72 simulator, and newly also the Airbus A320 simulator. The Prague Training Centre serves for the flight simulator flights of those CSA pilots who fly Boeing 737s and Airbus A320s, and also, for the most part, the pilots of ATR42/72s. Airbus A310 pilots travel abroad for their regular recurrent training.
Other Types of Pilot Training
Other types of aviation training provided by CSA include aircraft commander training, training for instructors, examiners, test-flight pilots, training for flying in low visibility, flights across the Atlantic, courses of cooperation within the crew, etc.
Initial Cabin Crew Training
The initial training takes 20 days. The flight attendant learns to provide first aid, studies the basics of discipline and responsibility, gets very detailed training on safety issues and naturally also trains on various types of equipment in the training centre to resolve emergency situations, including survival in extreme conditions. Flight attendants also learn the basics of meteorology, aircraft construction, and aviation safety. They also undergo fire-fighting training, for which CSA uses a special simulator.
Recurrent Cabin Crew Training
Each flight attendant must undergo this training at least once in every 12 months. The training takes three days, during which flight attendants brush up on their knowledge and skills required for ensuring passenger safety, such as dealing with emergency situations, first aid, safety rules, aircraft evacuation, the location of emergency and rescue equipment in the aircraft, or putting out a real fire.
Conversion and Difference Cabin Crew Training
This takes three to six days, depending on the complexity of the aircraft. Cabin crew again learn to perfectly master regular as well as emergency procedures and broaden their knowledge of a specific type of aircraft.